Hematomas often appear when you fall or play combat sports. In mild cases, you can treat the hematoma with simple home remedies. So, how to treat a hematoma at home? Let find out with us.
The hematoma is a collection of blood clotted under the skin. It is often due to trauma or injuries, which make blood vessels to rupture and bleed. A large hematoma is very dangerous because it will press on the blood vessels and block blood flow. Although going to see the doctor is the best way, with non-serious hematomas, you can still try to treat them at home. Keep reading our article to know how to treat a hematoma at home.
How to treat a hematoma: some simple home remedies
It is the best if you apply a cold compress within 24 – 48 hours after injury. Low temperature helps slow blood flow and stop bleeding. However, do not apply the cold compress to your skin for more than 15 – 20 minutes to avoid damaging the tissues.
You soak a towel in ice water (18 – 27*C), apply to the bruise and leave for 10 minutes each time. Repeat 4 – 8 times per day to cool the injured skin area. Low temperature causes vasoconstriction as well as reduces swelling and hematoma. In the early stage after the injury, vasoconstriction helps to stop bleeding and decrease the area of hematoma. Cold compress also slows down the metabolism of tissues in the traumatic areas, thereby reducing the risk of hypoxia – a form of cell damage due to oxygen deficiency.
Take a rest and keep the injury immobile
Any movement and muscle activity can increase pressure on soft tissues, causing inflammation. You should maintain resting state for the first 48 hours if possible. Keeping your body to be in a normal lying position (lying on back, palms and foot facing upward) is the best way to prevent the injury becoming more severe, especially in the limbs and joints.
Warm compress is also a useful tip on how to treat a hematoma. The temperature should be 37 – 40*C. In contrast to cold compress, a warm compress is better for recovery process because it will dilate blood vessels, improve blood circulation and transport necessary nutrients for healing. However, you have to notice that do not apply warm compress in the early stage after the injury because vasodilation is harmful during this time.
Vasodilation after the initial stage of trauma
Remind that you only apply the following methods after being injured 24 – 48 hours. Here is how to treat a hematoma with some simple exercises:
- Massage: massage with circular or long strokes movements to improve blood circulation and increase blood flow to the heart. This method also helps you to get rid of hematoma near the surface of the skin. Stop doing if you feel pain.
- Take a warm bath: Similar to warm compress, soaking in warm water will dilate blood vessels, relieve pain and increase blood flow, thereby removing the hematoma from the injured area.
- Isometric exercises: These exercises focus on tightening two types of muscles (flexor and extensor muscle) in a part of the body but do not move strongly. It will help to improve blood circulation by constricting blood vessels smoothly, thereby increasing blood flow.
How to treat a hematoma with diet
Eat more protein
Protein is very good for healing tissue. Foods containing the high amount of protein are often derived from animals such as tuna, salmon, turkey breast, beef,…
Take enough vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 deficiency is also the reason you are prone to bruising, malignant anemia, adversely affecting the blood coagulation. Natural vitamin B12 is only found in animal-based products, including viscera (cow’s liver), meat, eggs, milk, some types of breakfast cereals and nutritional yeast.
So what is the link between vitamin K and how to treat a hematoma? Vitamin K deficiency (K1 phylloquinone and K2 menaquinone) can occur due to fat malabsorption or antibiotics. Blood clotting capacity decreased, and hemorrhagic diseases often have the connection with vitamin K deficiency.
The foods rich in vitamin K include green tea, leafy vegetables, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, liver, soybean oil, yogurt, cheese,… The recommended daily intake of vitamin K for an adult is 120 mcg for men and 90 mcg for women.
Taking vitamin C daily (500 mg) can help form new connective tissues, maintain and repair them that is very good for blood vessels. The rich sources of vitamin C are papaya, bell pepper, broccoli, strawberry, pineapple, orange,… Usually, you just need to eat these foods already provide enough vitamin C for the body; vitamin C supplements are often prescribed in individual cases like malnourished people or pregnant women.
Drink a lot of water
How to treat a hematoma at home, the simplest way is drinking water. Getting and maintaining enough water for the body bring many benefits. Drink water whenever you feel thirsty (at least 1,5 – 2 liters of water per day depending on the body size). The more you drink, the more poisons get out of your body.
Turmeric has anti-inflammatory properties, which help to prevent infections at the injured area. The nutrients in turmeric improve blood circulation and increase red blood cells, thereby quickly removing the hematoma. Add 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder to a glass of milk and drink once a day. You also can use turmeric as a spice in cooking. Apply this remedy until the hematoma disappears.
If you are wondering about how to treat a hematoma at home, hopefully, our article can help you. Trauma is one of the primary cause of hematoma; however, it also may be caused by many bad reasons such as coagulation disorders, alcohol abuse,… You should know that these remedies are only suitable for mild cases that the hematoma is not severe. If you have any abnormal symptoms, go to see the doctor right now.